In 1940, Japan's authorities proposed to connect the country's largest cities by a high-speed railway line. That's how the project Shinkansen was born. The plan was to launch a train with a top speed of 200 km/h between Tokyo and Shimonoseki that is located at the southwestern tip of Honshu, 1,000 km away from the capital. That is an ambitious figure not only for the past: in modern Russia, for example, the average speed of trains is up to 60 km/h.
The realization was abandoned due to World War II, but in 1964, Japan managed to revert to this important idea. Now the railway network has expanded to 2,765 km with maximum train speeds of 130-320 km/h depending on the area. Over the 50-plus year exploitation, there have been no passenger fatalities.
Until 2011, Shinkansen had the highest annual traffic of any system worldwide with 353 million passengers per year. Then the record went to China with 370 million people travelling by high-speed trains. And it was China's Fuxing Hao that took the record of the world's fastest train that can achieve 385-420 km/h.